Bugisu Region has a total population of about 1,450,000 (2014 population and housing census Report). Of which 98% depend on Agricultural Resources and the rest from the integrated economic resources. The population certainly requires sustainable and modern skills in agricultural modernization and development. Most farmers are isolated as local farmholds yet need to be organized in groups for improved production and sustainable productivity at household.
Meaning of OVC (Orphans and Vulnerable Children)
The term children include all young people up to the age of eighteen years. Orphans are children who haves lost one or both of their parents. There are very many orphans in Uganda to because of the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
As well as orphans there are many other children who are thought to be vulnerable. They include children living in poverty, children in the camps for internally displaced people in northern Uganda, street children and those who are in danger of child abuse.
All these groups of children can be called vulnerable, because they may be deprived of normal opportunities to lead healthy and happy lives, and they might be denied their basic human rights or suffer physical or emotional damage.
In Uganda, the following groups of children are thought of as vulnerable:
- Orphans (children who have lost one or both parents)
- Children affected by armed conflict
- Children abused or neglected
- Children in conflict with the law
- Children affected by HIV/AIDS and other diseases
- Children in need of alternative family care
- Children affected by disability
- Children in “hard to reach” areas
- Children living under the worst forms of labour
- Children living on the streets
There are about 43 million people living in Uganda today, and the population is growing very fast. Over the next twenty years it is likely to double in size. Already, there are a lot more young people in the country than old. Over 22 million children aged below eighteen (18) years. About 15 million of these youngsters are known to be orphans, having lost one or both their parents. They are living with one parent or with their extended family. This means about a quarter of all Ugandan households have at least one orphan living with them.
Ugandan communities have traditionally absorbed orphans within the extended family system. One in four households in Uganda fosters at least one orphan by providing for health, shelter, nutrition, education and other needs.
However, many of these care-givers are overburdened and often lack the socio-economic capacity to provide adequate care and support for these children. Community organisations, religious bodies and other civil society members have stepped in by providing information, vocational skills training, basic education, medical care, and counseling and micro-credit services. These groups too, often lack the human and financial resources to adequately respond to the problem.
Many children who are orphaned are forced to live on the streets or under exploitative conditions of labour, sexual abuse, prostitution and other forms of abuse. Many live in child-headed households where they have to fend for themselves and support their younger siblings. Some of these children are infected with HIV either through mother-to-child transmission or through defilement.
The Gender Policy:
- Environmental education to resource users.
- Technical and capacity building to institution to manage the local environment
- Community sensitization for awareness.
- Community education and training.
- Local fundraising.
- Performance and monitoring and evaluation.